Date: 3rd of June
Department: Clinical Training Center, UMCG
Supervisors: Marco A.C. Versluis MD PhD, Dennis Beekhuis MD
General childbirth, also known as labour, is an unique event showing the miracle and power of nature. Although it is a physiological event of itself, childbirth is one of the most fascinating aspects of medicine, which mostly deals with pathophysiological processes.
Childbirth is the culmination of the gestation and pregnancy period with the expulsion of one or more newborn babies from a women’s uterus into a completely different environment. At that particular moment, being disconnected from the mother’s circulation after cutting the umbilical cord, the newborn faces a very serious and complicated adaptation of his own circulation to the onset of his own respiratory system.
The process of a normal vaginal human childbirth is categorised into four stages. Stage 1: The onset of birth is initiated by a metabolic change in the infant which causes the release of the hormones needed for uterine contractions. Stage 2: The process of shortening and dilation of the uterine cervix is caused by uterine contractions. This process facilitates the head of the infant to enter the birth canal. Stage 3: The continuation of uterine contractions with the help of the mothers pressing, pushing the baby through the birth canal into the baby’s new world. Stage 4: The delivery of the placenta. The expulsion of the placenta mostly starts spontaneously approximately twenty minutes after the occlusion and the cutting of the umbilical cord.
During this workshop more details will be given on monitoring labour, pain control, and problems that may happen before and during delivery including the therapeutic possibilities if these problems occur. You are also given the opportunity to deliver a baby using a mannequin, simulating the real situation.